Trees are an essential part of our ecosystem, creating the necessary oxygen that we breathe. They provide shade, create sound barriers and offer shelter to various wildlife, birds, and insects. But here in New Jersey, evergreens, in particular, can play an even bigger role when it comes to developing privacy between your house and the neighbors. Planting a row of lush, green foliage will ensure any peering eyes next door are kept in the dark. It will also help block out unnatural sounds such as lawn equipment and traffic and give you the feeling that you are on vacation. At Harvest Lawn Care, we’ve taken the liberty of listing for you several evergreen trees that make the best privacy wall.
If you’re looking for a fast-growing tree, the white pine is for you. It grows best in partial shade to full sun with well-drained soil. It’s a perfect choice here in New Jersey with our warm, humid summers and cooler winters. White pines typically expand to 14 feet wide, making this an ideal width for privacy. However, they can grow up to 80 feet tall, so be sure you have plenty of space. They maintain a rounded pyramid-like shape and can be trimmed into hedges. It contains long, soft, blue-green needles and grows more beautiful with each year it ages. If you are going to use this particular evergreen for privacy, plant each at least 20 to 30 feet away, giving it plenty of room to mature.
Another large tree, the Norway spruce, is a favorite amongst New Jerseyans looking for a tree to use as a screen or windbreaker. It has the faster growth of the spruces. It, too, can grow to heights of 60 feet with a spread of around 25 feet. It prefers full sun and well-drained soil. Like the white pine, it has a pyramidal shape, but its horizontal branches reach upward.
The typical go-to for privacy hedges are the fast-growing arbivortae shrubs. These soft bushes with glossy, green needles can be planted in a row to create a wall between one landscape to the next. They are also much smaller than the Norway Spruce and white pine: therefore, they do not require as much space. Most popular varieties mature at ten to 15 feet. They need full to partial sun and prefer moist soil. One downfall to using arborvitae bushes as a privacy fence is that they are also popular with the deer population. However, a simple deer repellent spray can help.
This happy-go-lucky evergreen will grow just about anywhere if you let it. The red cedar is great when used as a windbreaker. It’s a cold-hardy, adaptable evergreen with a pyramid shape that will grow to be about 40 – 50 feet in height and eight to 20 feet in width. While it prefers full sun, it is tolerant of both cold and heat, drought, wind, salt, and all soil types. So if you aren’t sure what kind of soil you have or are just looking for one tough cookie, this tree is your friend.
This soft-textured tree is often farmed for Christmas trees, but it also looks great as a privacy fence. Its spirelike shape and variable color make it highly attractive for larger landscapes. It expands to a height of between 40 and 70 feet with a spread of 12 – ten feet at maturity. It grows at a medium rate and prefers full sun and acidic soil that is well-drained. It is one of the country’s top sources of lumber today. Its strong wood is used in boats, aircraft, and construction.
Another great option for creating a living privacy fence is the American holly. If deer are an issue in your area, this plant’s prickly edges can help deter them. This charming bush grows at a slower to medium rate and can reach heights between 40 – 50 feet with a width of between 18 – 40 feet when fully mature. It grows well in moist, well-drained soils and prefers full sun to partial shade. Like the white pine and the Norway spruce, it grows pyramidal. Its feathers are leathery, and if you plant both male and female plants, you can enjoy the sight of bright red berries throughout the winter.
If you want more advice on which trees to plant for privacy or which trees to grow in general, be they evergreen or deciduous, call on the professionals at Harvest Lawn Care. Our Tree & Shrub Care Department is headed by our International Society of Arboriculture Certified Arborist and supported by our New Jersey Licensed Tree Expert. We host a six-step Tree and Shrub Care program that will help increase the health and strength of all your trees while combating insects and climate stressors.
Our highly effective program will help protect any privacy fence you decide to grow and any other tree and shrubs on your landscape.
We also provide a variety of other tree and shrub services, including dormant oil applications, anti-desiccant applications, growth regulators, properly timed bark sprays to protect insects, and Arborjet Mauget trunk injections. Lastly, we provide treatment for two diseases that affect Hemlock trees that are well-known here in New Jersey, Hemlock Scale and Woolly Adelgid.
Contact us now to learn more about any of our tree and shrub care services or call us at 1-800-800-5296. For more tips and ideas regarding all things lawn and tree care, check out our other blog articles. Like us on Facebook, and follow us on Twitter!