As we relax in the backyard under the shade of our trees, we sometimes forget that, even though they look big and strong, trees are susceptible to a number of diseases, pests, and environmental factors. Luckily, there are steps you can take to make sure your trees are prepared and strong enough to fight off whatever problems they face.
Adding mulch around your trees is a simple way to do a lot for your tree. Not only is it visually appealing, mulch also insulates the soil to protect roots from extreme heat and cold. It also retains water to keep the roots nice and moist. Mulch is a great weed barrier as it blocks sunlight from reaching the seeds of weeds, blocking them from germinating.
After removing the grass, mulch should be laid around the tree 3-10 feet out, depending on the size of the tree, and 2-4 inches deep.
Pruning is an effective way to improve the health of your trees. Super low and ugly branches take water away from the rest of the tree. By pruning, you can redirect the water and nutrients to other parts of the tree. The best time to prune is in the late fall or early spring, before the leaves come into full bloom.
The problem with traditional fertilizers is that they’re spread on the surface and can take a long time to get down to the roots, if they aren’t washed away first. Not to mention, the surrounding grass and other plants compete with the tree for nutrients.
Deep root fertilization solves these issues by using a high-pressure tool to inject a balanced mix of fertilizer and nutrients directly into the roots. This way, the fertilizer goes right where it’s needed; the roots.
In the fall insects search for a place to overwinter. Several of them will choose your trees to ride out the cold months and lay their eggs. In the spring the eggs hatch and the larvae spend much of their young lives feeding on your trees.
Dormant oil is a pesticide that is applied to the trunks and branches of trees in the fall and early spring to protect them from these invasive bugs. When it’s applied, the oil suffocates any insects that happen to be in the way and prevents the eggs from hatching in the spring. This is a great way to protect your trees from pests and the diseases they carry.